As the school nurse working in a college health clinic, you see many opportunities to promote health. Maria is a 40-year-old Hispanic woman who is in her second year of nursing school. She complains of a 14-pound weight gain since starting school and is afraid of what this will do to both her appearance and health if the trend continues. After doing her history, you learn that she is an excellent cook and she and her family love to eat foods that reflect their Hispanic heritage. She is married with two school-age children. She is in class a total of 15 hours per week, plus 12 hours of labs and clinical. She maintains the household essentially by herself and does all the shopping, cooking, cleaning, and chauffeuring of the children. She states that she is lucky to get six hours of sleep per night, but that is okay with her. She lives one hour from campus and commutes each day. Using.healthypeople.gov/”>Healthy People 2020and your text as a guide: What additional information would you like to gather from Maria? What are Maria’s real and potential health risks? Why is Maria’s culture important when obtaining the health assessment? Pick one of Maria’s health risks. Would you classify Maria’s problem as first-level priority, second-level priority, third-level priority, or a collaborative problem? What would be one reasonable short-term goal for this risk? DQ 2 Understanding cultural phenomena is essential to the completion of an accurate and holistic health assessment. Please review a cultural group from Table 2-3 (p. 20) from your text and describe the cultural differences pertinent to that group (you may have to do some additional searching). Remember, the table may not include all cultural groups. Let’s try to include all the countries within the groups listed in the discussion, so please do not choose a group that has already been done. To expedite this, please use the group name in the title of your post. Devry NR305 Week 2 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 November DQ 1 John, a 46-year-old African American male presents for admission to your hospital for hemi colectomy for colon polyps. He is complaining of chronic back pain. Patient is on disability from work-related injury. History of two previous back surgeries with relief of numbness in RLE, but pain has not been relieved. His current medications include Methadone, Neurontin, and Norco. John states he takes Tylenol PM every night in addition to his prescribed medications. John is a smoker and smokes 1 PPD. John confides in you that he is considering a spinal cord stimulator for the chronic pain. What risk factors does John have for risk of opioid withdrawal during this hospitalization? Is there a stigma connected to being disabled and/or methadone? Does the nurse need to be concerned about acetaminophen use? What are the differences in acute and chronic pain? DQ 2 Red Yoder is an 80-year-old farmer who lives alone in the farmhouse where he grew up. It is located 20 miles outside of town. Red has been a widower for 10 years. Red rarely cooks for himself and mainly eats packaged or processed foods. His son, Jon, manages the farm now, but Red is still involved in the decision making. Red’s current medical problems include insulin-dependent diabetes complicated by an open foot wound. He also has some incontinence and difficulty sleeping. Red is awaiting a visit from the home health nurses. He relates that he has an open wound on his big toe that developed after walking in a new pair of shoes. When his daughter-in-law, Judy, saw the wound, she called the family doctor, who suggested a visit by the wound care nurse, who works with the home health agency. Red agreed as long as his VA benefits cover the costs. Red is aware that his son and daughter-in-law have concerns about him living alone, but Red insists that while he needs a little help from Jon and Judy at times, he is still capable of caring for himself. What are Red’s strengths? What are your concerns for this patient? What is the cause of your concern? What information do you need? What are you going to do about it? What is Red experiencing? Devry NR305 Week 3 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 November DQ 1 General Survey and Health History (graded) Casey is a 17-year-old high school student admitted to the ER with a compound fracture of the left leg obtained when falling at the local skateboard park while practicing for a national competition. He has never been hospitalized before. His mother has been notified and is on her way. The EMTs gave him morphine and he reports his pain level as “okay.” What part of the interview and examination can be done prior to his mother’s arrival? As you enter the room for the first time, what should you observe as part of the general survey? As you complete his history, what areas are especially important? What are the important developmental considerations for Casey? DQ 2 As you recall, our older patient, Red Yoder, with whom you met in Week 2, is preparing for discharge from the hospital since his wound required intravenous antibiotics and wound care. Jon (Red’s son) thinks that Red should move in with him for now, but Red is sure he is able to care for himself and insists that his confusion was due to the fact that he did not have his glasses or hearing aids for the last week. You have identified discharge teaching needs for him. This morning, however, in report the night nurse has shared “Patient is alert and oriented; vital signs stable. Fasting blood sugar this morning is 118. Red had his usual night of sleep. He was up several times to go to the bathroom. Since his catheter was removed yesterday, he has urgency incontinence. He is able to ambulate to the bathroom, but he is weak.” You administer his AM medications and note that he has some difficulty grasping the water cup and needs assistance holding it. Mr. Yoder states he needs to go to the bathroom and when you assist him up to his feet, he seems a bit unsteady. He takes several steps and tells you he needs to sit down. How much, if any, functional decline has occurred while Red was hospitalized and how will this affect his recovery? What are the risks and benefits of Red living with Jon and Judy? What are the risks or benefits of Red living at home after discharge? If services are in place, would it be considered a safe discharge? Considering all aspects of aging, what are the best and appropriate options for Red at this time? Devry NR305 Week 4 Discussion DQ 1 & DQ 2 Latest 2015 November DQ 1 William Smaile is a 65-year-old man who presents to his general practitioner’s office with complaint of right forearm swelling, redness, and pain. He was recently discharged from the hospital where he had been receiving intravenous antibiotics for a respiratory infection. Subjective Data Pain level is a 5/10 location = right forearm, aching Retired foreman at a local industrial plant Objective Data Vital signs: BP 150/68, T 37 degrees Centigrade, P 80, R 16 Swelling and reddened right forearm, warm to touch + pulses, brachial and radial (R) +2 capillary refill fingers right hand What other assessments should be included for this patient? From your readings, what is the most probable cause of the swelling? What is your nursing diagnosis? What would be included in the nursing care plan? What interventions might be included in the plan of care for this patient? DQ 2 Assessment of the Head, Neck, and Regional Lymphatics (graded) Describe the characteristics of the lymph nodes associated with the disease states listed below: (Choose one.) Acute infection Chronic inflammation Cancer
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